Rest, v. t.
1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
Your piety has paid
All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade. --Dryden.
2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
Her weary head upon your bosom rest. --Waller.
1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind.
Sleep give thee all his rest! --Shak.
2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.
And the land had rest fourscore years. --Judges iii. 30.
3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blest. --Collins.
4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work.
He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. --1 Kings vi. 6.
5. Anc. Armor A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.
Their visors closed, their lances in the rest. --Dryden.
6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode. “Halfway houses and travelers' rests.”
In dust our final rest, and native home. --Milton.
Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. --Deut. xii. 9.
7. Pros. A short pause in reading verse; a caesura.
8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account. “An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.”
9. A set or game at tennis. [Obs.]
10. Mus. Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.
Rest house, an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary. [India]
To set one's rest or To set up one's rest, to have a settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand. [Obs.] --Shak. --Bacon.
Syn: -- Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace.
Usage: -- Rest, Repose. Rest is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.
Rest v. t. To arrest. [Obs.]
Rest v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rested; p. pr. & vb. n. Resting.]
1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.
God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. --Gen. ii. 2.
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest. --Ex. xxiii. 12.
2. To be free from whatever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.
There rest, if any rest can harbor there. --Milton.
3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, to rest on a couch.
4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column rests on its pedestal.
5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
Fancy . . . then retries
Into her private cell when Nature rests. --Milton.
6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.
On him I rested, after long debate,
And not without considering, fixed my fate. --Dryden.
7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
To rest in Heaven's determination. --Addison.
To rest with, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.
Rest, n. (With the definite article.)
1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.
Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. --Tillotson.
2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others. “Plato and the rest of the philosophers.”
Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. --Dryden.
3. Com. A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities. [Eng.]
Syn: -- Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.
Rest, v. i. To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
The affairs of men rest still uncertain. --Shak.
n 1: something left after other parts have been taken away;
"there was no remainder"; "he threw away the rest"; "he
took what he wanted and I got the balance" [syn: remainder,
balance, residual, residue, residuum]
2: freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);
"took his repose by the swimming pool" [syn: ease, repose,
3: a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more
when they take time for short rests" [syn: respite, relief,
4: a state of inaction; "a body will continue in a state of
rest until acted upon"
5: euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a
bed and in a tomb); "she was laid to rest beside her
husband"; "they had to put their family pet to sleep"
[syn: eternal rest, sleep, eternal sleep, quietus]
6: a support on which things can be put; "the gun was steadied
on a special rest"
7: a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified
v 1: not move; be in a resting position
2: take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
[syn: breathe, catch one's breath, take a breather]
3: give a rest to; "He rested his bad leg"; "Rest the dogs for
4: have a place in relation to something else; "The fate of
Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"; "The responsibility
rests with the Allies" [syn: lie]
5: be at rest [ant: be active]
6: stay the same; remain in a certain state; "The dress
remained wet after repeated attempts to dry it"; "rest
assured"; "stay alone"; "He remained unmoved by her
tears"; "The bad weather continued for another week" [syn:
stay, remain] [ant: change]
7: be inherent or innate in; [syn: reside, repose]
8: put something in a resting position, as for support or
steadying; "Rest your head on my shoulder"
9: sit, as on a branch; "The birds perched high in the treee"
[syn: perch, roost]
10: rest on or as if on a pillow; "pillow your head" [syn: pillow]
11: be inactive, refrain from acting; "The committee is resting
over the summer"
(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word _noah_ (Heb.
(2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matt. 11:28).
(3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thess. 1:7).
(4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work
(Heb. 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had
finished the work of creation.